the north face footwear A look at legal issues with Trump’s revised travel ban
Eds: With AP Photos. Recasts second paragraph and corrects that effective date of the revised travel ban is next Thursday, not Wednesday.
SEATTLE (AP) Some of the states that helped derail President Trump’s first travel ban are mounting efforts to block his second one, saying that while the new order applies to fewer people, it’s infected with the same legal problems.
Hawaii on Wednesday launched the first lawsuit over the revised order after amending an earlier complaint filed against the old ban. Washington, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon and Minnesota plan do the same Monday in federal court in Seattle, where a judge issued an order last month halting the first travel ban.
In the meantime, Washington Attorney General Bob Ferguson asked the judge to find that his order applies to the second ban as well. If the judge agrees, the government would not be able to put the new ban into effect next Thursday as scheduled, without further action from the court. In this regard, they say, the new ban is no better than the old.
They point to statements by Trump’s advisers, including former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, who said Trump asked him how to implement a Muslim ban legally, and more recently Stephen Miller, who said the revised order was designed to have “the same basic policy outcome” as the first.
The new ban applies to refugees who are not already on their way to the United States and to people seeking new visas. residents from the listed countries were barred from entering the country.
“The revised executive order does narrow the scope of who’s impacted,” Ferguson told a news conference Thursday. District Judge James Robart’s order blocking the first travel ban, it did not resolve the states’ First Amendment claim. But the judges referred to the states’ argument as serious and significant. The revised order specifies that people coming from the listed countries Somalia, Iran, Syria, Sudan, Libya and Yemen “warrant additional scrutiny in connection with our immigration policies because the conditions in these countries present heightened threats.”
But as Hawaii pointed out in its lawsuit, intelligence analysts at the Department of Homeland Security have questioned that rationale, concluding that citizenship is an “unlikely indicator” of terrorist ties. Their report noted that since 2011, 82 people were inspired by a foreign terrorist group to try to carry out attacks in the United States. citizens. The rest came from 26 countries, with the most coming from Pakistan, which is not on the travel ban list.
That would seem to undermine the rationale for the travel ban, critics say. immigration law generally prohibits the government from discriminating based on nationality when issuing immigrant visas. The president cannot rewrite that law by executive order, the states argue.
Matt Adams, legal director of the Northwest Immigrant Rights Project, said his organization plans to file an amended class action complaint in Seattle federal court on Friday to challenge the new ban. He said the administration must consider who people are not where they come from in deciding whether to issue visas.
Some legal scholars have questioned whether states have standing to bring their cases, citing limits the Supreme Court has placed on when states can sue the federal government.
Michael McConnell, a constitutional law professor at Stanford Law School, said in an email Thursday that he remains “highly skeptical” that states can file lawsuits over this issue.
The 9th Circuit panel, however, found that Washington and Minnesota did have standing, at least at that early stage of the litigation. The judges noted that some people would not enter state universities or join the faculty at those universities, causing real harm for the states.
Hawaii focuses on an additional aspect of harm: the loss of tourism, and thus tax dollars, in the heavily travel dependent state.
“I don’t think standing’s a serious problem,” said Rory Little, a former Supreme Court clerk who teaches at the University of California Hastings College of the Law. “There’s clearly harm to state budgets, harm to state universities.”.